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Tuesday, August 4, 2020 | History

3 edition of Causes of photooxidative stress and amelioration of defense systems in plants found in the catalog.

Causes of photooxidative stress and amelioration of defense systems in plants

Causes of photooxidative stress and amelioration of defense systems in plants

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  • 30 Currently reading

Published by CRC Press in Boca Raton, FL .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Plants, Effect of photooxidative stress on.,
  • Plant defenses.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references and index.

    Statementedited by Christine H. Foyer, Philip M. Mullineaux.
    ContributionsFoyer, Christine H., Mullineaux, Philip M.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQK757 .C38 1994
    The Physical Object
    Pagination395 p. :
    Number of Pages395
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL1415623M
    ISBN 100849354439
    LC Control Number93025101

      Plants have defense mechanisms against oxidative damage that are activated during stress to regulate toxic levels of ROS. Antioxidant and nonantioxidant systems are involved in ROS detoxification. During the last decades, antioxidant enzymes have been used to develop transgenic plants that have increased tolerance to several stresses. Asada, K. Production and action of active oxygen in photosynthetic tissues. In Causes of Photooxidative Stress and Amelioration of Defense System in Plants, edited by Foyer, C.H. & Mullineaux, P.M. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. pp.

    Polle A, Rennenberg H () Photooxidative stress in trees. In: Foyer CH, Mullineaux PM et al (eds) Causes of photoxidative stress and amelioration of defense systems in plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton; Prasad KVS, Saradhi PP, Sharmila P () Concerted action of antioxidant enzymes and curtailed growth under zinc toxicity in Brassica juncea. Chlorophyll Biosynthesis—Metabolism and Strategies of Higher Plants to Avoid Photooxidative Stress. level by antisense RNA synthesis leads to deregulated gene expression of plastid proteins and affects the oxidative defense system. Ryals J and Ward E () Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase expression in Arabidopsis causes a.

    In: Foyer CH, Mullineausx PM (eds) Causes of photooxidative stress and amelioration of defense system in plants. CRS Press, Boca Raton, pp 1–4 Google Scholar Foyer CH, Lelandais M, Galap C, Kunert KJ () Effects of elevated cytosolic glutathione reductase activity on the cellular glutathione pool and photosynthesis in leaves under normal. To investigate the antioxidant defense system, chilling stress-induced changes of antioxidant enzymes were examined in the leaves of cucumber (Cucumis sati6us L.). Chilling stress preferentially enhanced the activities of the superoxide dismutase (SOD), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), glutathione reductase (GR) and peroxidase specific to guaiacol, whereas it induced the decrease of catalase activity.


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Causes of photooxidative stress and amelioration of defense systems in plants Download PDF EPUB FB2

Book Description. In an attempt to improve communication between disciplines in this field, we have aimed to cover what we perceive to be all relevant aspects of photooxidative stress: from primary reactions to molecular genetics and the devising of strategies for engineering stress tolerance in plants.

Causes of Photooxidative Stress and Amelioration of Defense Systems in Plants. DOI link for Causes of Photooxidative Stress and Amelioration of Defense Systems in Plants.

Causes of Photooxidative Stress and Amelioration of Defense Systems in Plants bookCited by: Request PDF | OnChristine H. Foyer published Causes of Photooxidative Stress and Amelioration of Defense Systems in Plants | Find, read and cite all the research you need on.

Causes of photooxidative stress and amelioration of defense systems in plants. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, © (OCoLC) Material Type: Internet resource: Document Type: Book, Internet Resource: All Authors / Contributors: Christine H Foyer; Philip M Mullineaux.

Get this from a library. Causes of photooxidative stress and amelioration of defense systems in plants. [Christine H Foyer] -- In an attempt to improve communication between disciplines in this field, we have aimed to cover what we perceive to be all relevant aspects of photooxidative stress.

Book: Causes of photooxidative stress and amelioration of defense systems in plants. + pp. Abstract: The subject is covered in an interdisciplinary manner, with contributing authors encouraged to provide personal perspectives on their topics whilst discussing them in depth.

The light‐dependent generation of active oxygen species is termed photooxidative stress. This can occur in two ways: (1) the donation of energy or electrons directly to oxygen as a result of photosynthetic activity; (2) exposure of tissues to ultraviolet irradiation. The light‐dependent destruction of catalase compounds the problem.

Photoinhibition and photooxidation only usually occur when plants are exposed to stress. Active oxygen species are part of the alarm-signalling processes in plants.

These serve to modify metabolism. While other photosensitizers like humic acids also contribute to photooxidative stress, (bacterio-) chlorophyll a is regarded as the main cause of 1 O 2 -generation in photosynthetic bacteria.

Independently of light, processes like lipid peroxide decomposition or hypochloric acid reacting with hydrogen peroxide can generate 1 O 2 [ 1 ]. Such oxidative stress has been shown to occur in plants exposed to high and low temperatures, particularly in combination with high light intensities, drought, exposure to air pollutants (e.g.

ozone or sulphur dioxide), ultraviolet light, and herbicides such as paraquat [1 ]. The chapter focuses on abiotic stress–induced ROS production, oxidative damage caused by ROS, and the role of the antioxidative defense system in plants growing under different abiotic stresses.

Lipid peroxidation is regarded as the primary molecular. () Oxygen metabolism and the regulation of photosynthetic electron transport. in Causes of Photooxidative Stress and Amelioration of Defence System in Plants.

eds Foyer CH, Mullineaux PM (CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL), pp 1 – ↵. Asada K () Production and action of active oxygen species in photosynthetic tissues. In: Foyer CH, Mullineaux PM (eds) Causes of photooxidative stress and amelioration of defense systems in plants.

CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp 77– Google Scholar. mays L. under salanity stress. Acta Physiol. Plant. 30, Asada K.

Production and action of active oxygen species in photosynthetic tissues, In: CH Foyer CH, PM Mullinaeux PM.

(eds.), Causes of photooxidative stress and amelioration of defense systems in plants. Plants depend on physiological mechanisms to combat adverse environmental conditions, such as pathogen attack, wounding, drought, cold, freezing, salt, UV, intense light, heavy metals and SO2.

Many of these cause excess production of active oxygen species in plant cells. Plants have evolved complex defense systems against such oxidative stress. ” In causes of photooxidative stress and amelioration of defense systems in plants. Foyer and P. Mullineaux, eds), pp.

Boca Raton, CRC Press. Guan L., Scandalios J. “Two structurally similar maize cytosolic superoxide dismutase genes, Sod4 and Sod4A, respond differentially to abscisic acid and high osmoticum”. Abstract. In the course of dehydration, the gas exchange and chlorophyll (Chl) fluorescence were measured under irradiance of μmol m −2 s −1 in detached apple leaves, and the production of active oxygen species (AOS), hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2), superoxide (O 2 −), hydroxyl radical (−OH), and singlet oxygen (1 O 2), were net photosynthetic rate (P N) was limited.

Photoinhibition and photooxidation can occur when plants are exposed to stress. High light in synergy with other stress factors such as chilling, drought, or low carbon dioxide supply reduces the capacity of photosynthetic systems to utilize incident radiation, leading to a.

Causes of Photooxidative Stress and Amelioration of Defense Systems in Plants. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; pp. – Dodge AD. Herbicide action and effects on detoxification processes. In: Foyer C, Mullineaux P, editors. Causes of Photooxidative Stress and Amelioration of Defense Systems in Plants.

Photosynthetica38(2) | DOI: /A Plant Responses to Drought, Acclimation, and Stress Tolerance I. Yordanov 1, V. Velikova 1, T. Tsonev 1 1 Institute of Plant Physiology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria. At the whole plant level, the effect of stress is usually perceived as a decrease in photosynthesis and growth.

Asada K (): Production and action of active oxygen in photosynthetic tissues. In Foyer CH, Mullineaux PM (eds.): Causes of Photooxidative Stress in Plants and Amelioration of Defence System, CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp.

Ashraf M, Harris PJC (): Potential biochemical indicator of salinity tolerance in plants. Plant Sci The role of oxygen in photoinhibition and photosynthesis, In Causes of Photooxidative Stress and Amelioration of Defense Systems in Plants (eds Foyer, C.

H. and Mullineauxe, P. M.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA,pp. 43–Asada K. Production and action of active oxygen species in photosynthetic tissues. In: Foyer CH, Mullineaux PM [eds.], Causes of photooxidative stress and amelioration defense systems in plants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

Aust SD. Morehause LA, and Thomas CE. Role of metals in oxygen radical reactions.