3 edition of Development of the hard mineral resources of the deep seabed found in the catalog.
Development of the hard mineral resources of the deep seabed
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. Subcommittee on Mines and Mining.
|LC Classifications||KF27 .I536 1977a|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||iii, 642 p. :|
|Number of Pages||642|
|LC Control Number||78601618|
Full text of "The Law of the Sea Treaty and reauthorization of the Deep Seabed Hard Mineral Resources Act: hearing before the Subcommittee on Oceanography, Gulf of Mexico, and the Outer Continental Shelf of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, first session Ap ". The U.S. position is also reflected in the Deep Seabed Hard Mineral Resources Act of , which Congress enacted two years before the adoption of UNCLOS to provide a framework for U.S.
Deep sea mineral exploration is one of the most tightly regulated uses of the ocean. The new draft exploitation regulations will build on the exploration regulations already in place by ensuring adherence to robust environmental standards, including baseline studies, environmental impact assessments, environmental monitoring and management. “I want to . Most mineral resources that are attracting the attention of would-be subsea miners fall into three categories: Polymetallic nodules. Scattered on the seabed at depths of to 6km, these golf ball- to potato-sized nodules can form around a nucleus of fish bones or shark teeth on which minerals have accumulated over millions of : Louise Murray.
NOAA's regulations at 15 CFR govern the issuing and monitoring of exploration licenses under the Deep Seabed Hard Mineral Resources Act. Any persons seeking a license must submit certain information that allows NOAA to ensure the applicant meets the standards of the Act. The real target of the crew on board this giant ship was a lost Soviet submarine. Six years earlier, the K had sunk 1, miles north-west of Hawaii while carrying ballistic nuclear missiles.
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Get this from a library. Development of the hard mineral resources of the deep seabed: hearings before the Subcommittee on Mines and Mining of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, House of Representatives, Ninety-fifth Congress, first session, on H.R.
and H.R. [United States. Congress. House. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. Development of the hard mineral resources of the deep seabed: hearings before the Subcommittee on Mines and Mining of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, House of Representatives, Ninety-sixth Congress, first session on H.R.
and H.R. held in Washington, D.C., May 1 Serious attention was focused on deep seabed minerals in the s, when American geologist John L.
Mero published a book entitled The Mineral Resources of the Sea, in which he made the case that the seabed could become a major source of supply for meeting the world's mineral needs. This in turn led Ambassador Arvid Pardo of Malta to deliver a.
Deep sea mining is a mineral retrieval process that takes place on the ocean mining sites are usually around large areas of polymetallic nodules or active and extinct hydrothermal vents at 1, to 3, metres (4, to 12, ft) below the ocean’s surface. The vents create globular or massive sulfide deposits, which contain valuable metals such as silver, gold.
H.R. (96th). An act to establish an interim procedure for the orderly development of hard mineral resources in the deep seabed, pending adoption of an international regime relating thereto, and for other purposes.
Ina database of bills in the U.S. Congress. 2 The Development of the UNCLOS Deep Seabed Mining Regime. The mineral resources of the deep seabed have considerable economic potential.
As early as the s, the HMS Challenger expedition had already discovered the existence of polymetallic nodules on the deep ocean floor. 16 However, the economic prospects of deep seabed resources only began to catch the.
The Deep Seabed Mineral Resources Act, approved by the Senate Energy Committee inwould permit U.S. mining interests to begin commercial recovery of hard minerals from the ocean floor. Under the proposed act, NOAA will regulate mining activities by issuing exploration licenses.
Deep seabed mining. by Cuyvers, Luc, Berry, It also contains a wealth of mineral resources, some of them in unique or highly enriched concentrations. This report aims to stimulate interest in the deep ocean and the discussions surrounding its potential development, with a specific focus on deep-sea mining of hard metal-bearing minerals.
Statutes Protecting Living Marine Resources Deep Seabed Hard Mineral Resources Act Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Act Rivers and Harbors Act Selected Issues Application of Mineral Leasing Authority to Seabed off the Territories and Possessions Development of Non-Mineral Sources of Energy within the Exclusive.
Seabed mining was ﬁrst mooted in the s, when John L. Mero implied in his book, ‘Mineral Resources of the Sea ’, that manganese nodules.
While industrialized states were looking to secure access to raw materials and, thus, upon the news of plentiful mineral deposits in the deep sea, 14 were eager to explore and exploit the deep seabed as a new source of raw materials, newly independent states feared being left behind in a neo-imperial race for the deep seabed.
15 For the latter Cited by: 1. News from the seabed: Geological characteristics and resource potential of deep-sea mineral resources. Marine minerals such as manganese nodules, Co-rich ferromanganese crusts, and seafloor massive sulfides are commonly seen as possible future resources that could potentially add to the global raw materials supply.
5 Seabed Resources and Human Activity. The resources of the seabed are both geological and biological. Geological resources are found on the surface – mainly as sand and gravel, and deep sea minerals –, as well as in the subsurface of the seabed – mainly as oil and gas.
Although current estimates of seafloor mineral resources contain significant uncertainties (e.g. Petersen et al. this issue), recent studies conclude that the deep seabed hosts large quantities of metals, sometimes exceeding land-based mineral ‘reserves’ i.e.
resources that are currently economic to extract (Hein et al. ; Cathles Cited by: United States: Deep Seabed Hard Mineral Resources Act Public Law 96–, Jun. 28,94 Stat. (30 USC et seq.), as amended Jul. 1, ; Guidelines for Obtaining Minerals Other Than Oil, Gas and Sulphur on the Outer Continental Shelf of the United States, Department of the Interior, Minerals Management Service (MMS) (Public.
Deep-ocean polymetallic nodules form on or just below the vast, sediment-covered, abyssal plains of the global ocean. Polymetallic nodules primarily consist of precipitated iron oxyhydroxides and Author: James R. Hein, Andrea Koschinsky, Thomas Kuhn. Deep seabed hard mineral resources act: hearings and markup before the Subcommittees on International Economic Policy and Trade and on International Organizations of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, Ninety-sixth Congress, on H.R.
Deep-Sea Mining: Economic, Technical, Technological, and Environmental Considerations for Sustainable Development Article (PDF Available) in Marine Technology Society Journal 45(5) Introduction.
Seabed mining was first mooted in the s, when John L. Mero implied in his book, ‘Mineral Resources of the Sea’, that manganese nodules grow so fast that the supply would be inexhaustible (Glasby, ).Research shows that those estimations were incorrect: marine minerals such as manganese nodules grow at a rate of just several mm Cited by: 3.
Deep-ocean mineral deposits could make a significant contribution to future raw material supply. Growing metal demand and geopolitics are focussing increasing attention on their resource potential and economic importance. However, accurate assessment of the total amounts of metal and its recoverability are very difficult.
Deep-ocean mineral deposits also provide valuable. In the s the prospect of deep-sea mining was brought up by the publication of J. L. Mero's Mineral Resources of the book claimed that nearly limitless supplies of cobalt, nickel and other metals could be found throughout the planet's oceans.
Mero stated that these metals occurred in deposits of manganese nodules, which appear as lumps of Author: David J Strumfels. And in the meantime, the first commercial test case for the deep seabed mining industry is already planned to take place in the waters of Papua New Guinea.
Canadian company Nautilus Minerals plans to extract mineral-rich sulfides, containing copper, zinc and gold, at depths between 1, and 2,m.
The mining operation, known as the Solwara.Mineral Resources. Ocean mineral resources, particularly offshore oil and natural gas, contribute significantly to worldwide supply. Offshore deposits now provide almost 10% of oil and 20% of natural gas production worldwide.
Hard mineral deposits are much less important, although in some areas their production is meaningful to local economies.